For over two hundred years prisons have been used to house those who have committed a crime against society. The three primary purposes of such institutions are (i) to punish, (ii) to deter and (iii) to rehabilitate. Prisons have, not been able to fulfil its objective of effectively rehabilitating prisoners or preparing them effectively for their release into the community. In order to prepare the prisoner for his or her reintegration into society, skills training and opportunities for employment within prison and upon release are crucial. Other programmes (such as life skills, drug programmes and the like), which assist and support the prisoner’s successful reintegration are equally important. Labour opportunities in prison must be closely intertwined with the process of reintegration.
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